What is China? If you want to fully understand What is China, The most comprehensive introduction to China political, economic, cultural, and so on.

what is China
What is china

China population

What is china? With more than 1.4 billion people, China is the world’s most populous country, and it has created many of the foundations of the modern world.

China population
China population

China area

China (officially known as the People’s Republic of China) is one of the largest countries,in the world covering 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles).

It borders 14 nations and this number is equaled only by Russia.

China area
What Is China ? 14

China Capital

The capital city is Beijing.

Shanghai is the city with the most people living in it.

Some other well-known cities are Guangzhou, Chongqing, and Hangzhou.

China Capital
China Capital

China Places of China

A few of the main places to see in China are: The Great Wall of China – the longest wall.

  • in the world, The Terracotta Army – represents the army
  • that was the decisive factor in forming a united China
  • The Forbidden City – a place of Chinese cultural and historical relics

China National Animal

Giant Pandas – can be seen close up.

China National Animal panda
China National Animal-panda

China Climate

The climate of China is extremely diverse, from tropical regions in the south to subarctic regions in the north.

China Major Rivers

China has two major rivers, the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.

the Yellow River
the Yellow River
Yangtze River
Yangtze River

China Desert

There is also the Taklamakan Desert and the Gobi Desert.

 Taklamakan Desert
Taklamakan Desert

China Everest

The world’s highest point, Mt. Everest (8848m), is on the border between China and Nepal. China is governed by the Communist Party of China.

Mt. Everest
Mt. Everest

China Government

The government consists of the executive branch, the legislative branch, the judicial branch and the military branch.

The primary organs of state power are the National People’s Congress (NPC), the President, and the State Council.

China Government
China Government

China President

The Head of State is the President and the Head of Government is the Premier. The current president of China is Xi Jinping and he has been in office since 2012.

president of China is Xi Jinping
president of China is Xi Jinping

China Language

The official language of China is Standard Mandarin, which is mostly based on the Beijingdialect.

Mandarin has been the only language used in education on the mainland since the 1950s.

Mandarin is a tonal language, and getting the four tones correct when speaking is necessary to be understood.

China Language

Mainland China uses “simplified characters”, adopted to facilitate literacy during the mid-1950s.

Traditional characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and by many overseas Chinese.

Many regions in China have their own dialects which can be very different.

China Civilization

China was one of the world’s earliest civilizations.

The recorded history of Chinese civilization can be traced to the Yellow River valley,

which is said to be the ‘cradle of Chinese civilization’.

China History

The Xia Dynasty was the first one to be described in ancient historical chronicles.

China was unified in 221 BC by Qin Shi Huang, which was the ‘First Emperor’ of China.

The two-thousand-year-old imperial system collapsed in 1911 when Sun Yat-Sen founded the Republic of China.

In 1916, China descended into anarchy, with various warlords ruling over different regions of China.

The Chinese Civil War from 1946 to 1949 led to the break up of the country, with the Communist leader Mao Zedong founding the People’s Republic of China on the mainland while the losing side retreated to Taiwan.

China Economic Reform

Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has been one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.

It is the second-largest economy by nominal GDP after the United States and the largest country by purchasing power parity (PPP).

Comparison before and after photo of China economic reform
Comparison before and after photo of China economic reform

China Interesting Facts

China is the owner of all pandas in the world. Any pandas in other countries are lent from China.

China has only one time zone, therefore in some places, the sun rises as late as 10:00 AM.

China is the only country in the world where the reproduction is limited.

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